<strong>By Suzanne Stewart for the Pocahontas Times<\/strong>\r\n\r\n[caption id="attachment_36435" align="aligncenter" width="600"]<img class="size-full wp-image-36435" src="https:\/\/mountainmedianews.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/sites\/13\/2019\/03\/CBD-1.jpg" alt="" width="600" height="400" \/> (S. Stewart photo)At Appalachian Extracts in White Sulphur Springs, owners Josh Ludgate, pictured, and Duane Zobrist create tinctures and balms using CBD\u2008oil extracted from hemp plants. The plants are grown and heavily monitored in the lab and once they are ready, they are ground into biomass, shown below, which is then taken through a process which extracts the CBD\u2008oil to make the final product.[\/caption]\r\n<h1>When the general public hears about a cannabis plant, the first thought that comes to mind is hemp and marijuana, which is used recreationally and in most states - illegally.<\/h1>\r\nDespite the negative connotations, cannabis has many positive uses including relief from pain and anxiety and much more.\r\n\r\nAs more states legalize the use of cannabis - recreationally or medicinally - several by-products also enter the market.\r\n\r\nOne that seems to be popping up everywhere now is CBD oil - or cannabidiol - which is derived from the hemp plant. Unlike the marijuana plant - which contains THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the high-inducing ingredient - hemp has faint-to-no-trace of THC.\r\n\r\nAt Appalachian Extracts in White Sulphur Springs, owners Josh Ludgate and Duane Zobrist cultivate hemp plants and create their own line of CBD products. The partners and their employees at the facility study the plants they grow and are well-versed in all things cannabis.\r\n\r\n\u201cWe\u2019re working with these things that really are not that much different than how they are found in the field naturally,\u201d Ludgate said. \u201cWe\u2019re trying to figure out which ones are the most hearty plants to grow and how they\u2019re going to produce the most flower we can get per square foot. There\u2019s a lot of science that we\u2019re trying to do in here - watering techniques, water temperature and soil content.\u201d\r\n\r\nLudgate said that it is common for individuals to confuse hemp and marijuana or even think they are one and the same.\r\n\r\n\u201cSo, you have the hemp plant, and you have the marijuana plant, both are species of cannabis,\u201d he said. \u201cOne produces THC, the other one doesn\u2019t. That\u2019s it. It\u2019s like having a glass of water and a glass of wine. They can both wet your taste, but one is going to have an effect on you, and one\u2019s not.\r\n\r\n\u201cThey look identical,\u201d he added.\r\n\r\n\u201cOne of the major things we\u2019ve seen is that the last 50 years has been devoted to how dense a THC [marijuana] plant can be made. Everybody went into this \u2018how high can we make ourselves\u2019 run on these plants, and hemp was kind of left in the field. They never really put any forethought into the value of it, so once they figured out the hemp plant has a lot of therapeutic value to it, they\u2019re now trying to catch up.\u201d\r\n\r\nTo create CBD products, the hemp plant has to go through an extraction process. They use a CO2 process at Appalachian Extracts. After the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant are ground into biomass, the powder is mixed with a liquid carbon dioxide solvent.\r\n\r\n\u201cWe draw it in as a vapor and through compression and heat \u2013 you can turn CO2 from a gas to a liquid,\u201d Ludgate explained. \u201cThat liquid floods into a canister filled with the biomass that we grind and it reverses that and sucks out all of that liquid. It converts back into a gas and all the cannabinoids fall out at that point because they\u2019re heavier than the CO2 gasses.\u201d\r\n\r\nThrough the process, the material goes from a powder to a paste which looks like peanut butter to the final oil. The process takes a few hours to complete and then it\u2019s time to create the products.\r\n\r\nAt Appalachian Extracts, the CBD oil is made into tinctures and balms. The tinctures have flavors mixed in to lessen the hemp taste and the balms are mixed with camphor, menthol and eucalyptus. There is also a tinture for pets.\r\n\r\nSo, what do CBD products do?\r\n\r\n\u201cThat\u2019s really all up to the individual,\u201d Ludgate said. \u201cWe can\u2019t make any claims on what it can do and what it can\u2019t do. I think what we\u2019ve found is that people come in here each day marveled by how it helps them. We have seen restless leg syndrome issues that have been solved. My mother takes it - she\u2019s got hip issues, and it\u2019s just been fantastic for her hip. Better sleep, anti-anxiety; we get people that fight MMA, and they use it for recovery; all the way up to grandmas and grandpas who get way better sleep on it, or it\u2019s brought their blood pressure within normal rates.\u201d\r\n\r\nLike many health aids, CBD products may work for some and not for others. Ludgate said the best way to find out is to try it and see.\r\n\r\nFor those who do use it, Ludgate added that, again, like other health aids, it can be used improperly.\r\n\r\n\u201cWith anything good, you can overdo it,\u201d he said. \u201cOnce your receptors are filled with CBD, your body rejects the rest of it, so it\u2019s got this fill level and some people think, \u2018if I feel good now, I can take more and feel even better.\u2019 But it doesn\u2019t work that way. We\u2019re still reading some studies about it, but it seems like the body kind of resets itself.\r\n\r\n\u201cI take two droppers full in the mornings, and that takes me all the way through the day, and I sleep really, really good,\u201d he continued. \u201cI\u2019ve noticed that each day I take it - and I\u2019ve been taking CBD oil for many years - I\u2019ve never really built a tolerance. I\u2019ve never had to go to four doses in the morning. Two works, and all day I\u2019m good.\u201d\r\n\r\nWhile CBD production is becoming a lucrative business, Ludgate said he and his partner are not in the business for the money. Instead, they want to help others and do research on a plant that has many uses.\r\n\r\n\u201cWe\u2019re a business making the oil, but we\u2019re also researching a lot of it and doing a lot of data keeping and data collection on what we\u2019re doing, then we can further the industry that way,\u201d Ludgate said. \u201cHopefully, we\u2019ll help others. We\u2019re not in this to be these overnight sensation millionaires or whatever. It\u2019s more like we see the value in it, and we want to see if we can help people with it.\u201d\r\n\r\nAppalachian Extracts\u2019 pro-ducts may be bought at its location in White Sulphur Springs, online at www.app extracts.com and at other retail locations.